5 分钟Gitlab - 安装 Gitlab

2020, Dec 07    

5 分钟Gitlab - 安装 Gitlab

Gitlab 是巴啦啦啦啦一大堆。 好处很多。

gitlab-skills

选型

即使不准备付费, 也选 GitlabEE(企业版本)

  1. ee 版本免费授权
  2. ee 版本默认开放 ce (社区版) 所有功能。 启用高级功能只需付费购买授权即可。

    https://about.gitlab.com/install/ce-or-ee/?distro=ubuntu

准备

  1. 准备一台虚拟机, 假设为 ubuntu20.04 操作系统。
  2. 根据需要,挂载多个数据盘
    • 默认 /var/opt/gitlab
    • (建议独立) 数据库 postgres: /var/opt/gitlab/postgresql/data
  3. 云上,可以对云硬盘开启定时快照。

Ubuntu 安装

https://about.gitlab.com/install/#ubuntu

安装命令如下


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y curl ca-certificates tzdata

## 选装, 一般服务器都有 openssh-server 了
# sudo apt-get install -y openssh-server

curl https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/gitlab/gitlab-ee/script.deb.sh | sudo bash

sudo EXTERNAL_URL="https://git.tangx.in" apt-get install gitlab-ee


Deprecations:
* sidekiq_cluster['experimental_queue_selector'] has been deprecated since 13.6 and will be removed in 14.0. The experimental_queue_selector option is now called queue_selector.


Notes:
It seems you haven't specified an initial root password while configuring the GitLab instance.
On your first visit to  your GitLab instance, you will be presented with a screen to set a
password for the default admin account with username `root`.

dpkg: error processing package gitlab-ee (--configure):
 installed gitlab-ee package post-installation script subprocess returned error exit status 1
Errors were encountered while processing:
 gitlab-ee
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)

gitlab-ee 已经安装好了, 但 post-installation 执行失败。 不影响配置使用。

tls / https

https://docs.gitlab.com/ee/user/project/pages/custom_domains_ssl_tls_certification/lets_encrypt_integration.html

配置 gitlab 证书

# grep  -n ssl_certificate /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb
1280:nginx['ssl_certificate'] = "/etc/gitlab/ssl/git.tangx.in.crt"
1281:nginx['ssl_certificate_key'] = "/etc/gitlab/ssl/git.tangx.in.key"

重启 gitlab nginx

gitlab-ctl restart nginx

let's encrypt 证书使用 lego

使用 lego 申请 let’s encrypt 证书

修改初始密码

浏览器登录访问, 默认用户 root

change password